Sartre’s Critique of the Freudian Explanation of Bad Faith

Sartre believes that a Freudian conception of consciousness is inadequate to explain the phenomenon of “bad faith” basically because of the fundamental differences between his construction of consciousness and Freud’s. Sartre believes that these differences, taken to their logical extremes, are enough to disprove Freud’s conception of consciousness. Sigmund Freud, unlike Jean-Paul Sartre, had a…

The “Pure Consciousness Experience”

Numerous essays have been written challenging the view that the interpretation of the mystic experience as well as the experience itself, can not be viewed divorced from the social, historical and cultural configurations out of which it arose. Robert Forman and other essayists that appear in his recent book, The Innate Capacity (1998) are motivated…

Interference in Visual Working Memory is Related to Less Accurate Response

Introduction Memory is a tool on which many people rely heavily every day. How and what is remembered plays a significant role in determining how people act in their daily lives (Araya, Ekehammar & Akrami, 2003). It is important to understand how memory works as a way of understanding more about people in general, and…

The Phenomenon of Phantom Limbs in Merleau-Ponty

The prevalent explanations in Ponty’s time for the phenomenon of phantom limbs relied on empiricism and intellectualism (rationalism) for a conception of the body. These fields explained the body in a mechanistic sense, as “an assemblage of parts whose relations to external objects and to each other involve efficient or mechanical causality” (423). But during…

California Personality Inventory

Originally developed in 1957 by Harrison Gough, the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) is a leading non-clinical personality inventory test that evaluates interpersonal behavior and social interaction of normal individuals. The standard 434 question test is administered in 45 to 60 minutes in true-false format, and is similar in design to the MMPI. Upon scoring, the…